Author Archives: Battushig Bars

How is Mulan, an ancient woman warrior of Mongolia, identified as Chinese?


The world had not heard about the legendary Chinese woman warrior Mulan until 1998, when the Disney’s animated a film about  her deeds. The film grossed more than $ 300 million worldwide and nominated for Golden Globe and Oscar. After that the story of Mulan, a young woman who disguises herself as a man in […]

The Khuumii: Mongolian Throat Singing as An Extraordinary Vocal Technique

The Khuumii: Mongolian Throat Singing as An Extraordinary Vocal Technique

The Khuumii, Mongolian throat (overtone) singing, is an extraordinary vocal technique, which a single performer simultaneously produces up to three separate vocal lines that can be clearly distinguished by audience. Although there are various types of khoomii, most of them involve a sound of a fundamental drone, and produce a flute-like melody by reinforcing a […]

Mongolian traditional “dairy food” or “Tsagaan idee”

Mongolian traditional “dairy food” or “Tsagaan idee”

From immemorial time, the Mongols have been engaged in nomadic animal husbandry in the vast territory of Central Asia under harsh continental climate, and therefore their diet was strikingly different from their neighborhoods settled in agricultural society. Bread and corn were vital food among agricultural societies in Europe as well as rice in Asia. In […]

Mongolian Khas pattern and Nazi’s swastika

The swastika is synonymous of Nazi Germany and is considered a symbol of pure evil in the Western world. The black straight-armed hakenkreuz (swastika) on the distinctive white circle and red background is the Nazi flag, which became the most hated symbol of modernity, inextricably linked to the atrocities committed under Adolf Hitler’s Third Reich […]

Hunnu: An ancient Mongol empire known in the West as the Huns


As stated in the Western classical sources, the Huns appeared in Europe and its territory suddenly around 370 AD. For instance: The Romans became aware of the Huns when Huns’ invasion occurred in the Pontic steppes, a vast land stretching from the northern shores of the Black Sea to the Caspian Sea. As a result […]

The Gerege – The First Universal Token known in the World as a Foreign Passport

The Gerege

A Flemish missionary and a traveler Guillaume de Rubrouck had visited the Mongol Empire between 1253-1255 as an ambassador of the King Louis IX of France and had been welcomed by Munkh (Mongke) Khan in the palace of Kharkhorum (Kara Korum). Upon returning in his detailed report to Louis IX, which was later published under […]

“The Mongols’ rise”, by a Hunnu rock band, The Hu

The Hu

Just a few months ago, no one in the world would know about the Mongolian rock band The Hu. Their popularity was not widespread in Mongolia until recently. The Hu was grouped in 2016 under the instruction of songwriter and producer B. Dashdondog, aka Dashka. The sensation has gone viral after The Hu posted the […]

Tamerlane, the last greatest nomadic conqueror and his cursed tomb


The body of the last great nomadic conqueror Tumur (historically best known as Tamerlane or Timur the Lame), originally from the ancient Barlas tribe of Mongols, was exhumed from his tomb in the Gur-e-Amir mausoleum (Samarkand, modern Uzbekistan) by Soviet expedition on June 19, 1941. According to relevant sources, Tumur’s tomb was inscribed with the words, […]

Xanadu – A Metaphor for a Splendor and an Opulence


In Xanadu did Kubla Khan A stately pleasure-dome decree: Where Alphs, the sacred river ran Through caverns measureless to man Down to a sunless sea. So two five miles of fertile ground With walls and towers were girdled round: And there were gardens bright with sinuous rills, Where blossomed many an incense-bearing tree; And here […]

The Tsagaan Sar – Mongolian New Year

Mongolian Lunar New Year

Mongolian New Year or Tsagaan Sar is one of the most celebrated holiday among Mongolians. Tsagaan Sar means “White Moon” in Mongolian language and refers to the first day of the year, according to the Mongolian traditional lunisolar calendar when the new moon rises. Even the date changes every year, the Mongolian system of combining […]