Category Archives: History

A case of allegoresis: A Buddhist painter and his patron in Mongolia

The Green Palace

Art as material evidence of “Dharma deed” The cosmopolitan Qing Empire (1644-1911), ruled by the ethnically non-Chinese Manchus, disintegrated in the early twentieth century, ending China’s millennial dynastic history. One of the empire’s vassal states, Mongolia, once home to the largest Eurasian empire in history, seized the opportunity to proclaim its independence in the winter […]

Subutai General: The Tactical Genius Who Revolutionized Mongol Warfare

Subutai general

The Life and Legacy of Subutai Subutai or Subedei, the legendary general of the Mongol Empire, stands as one of history’s most formidable military minds. Born around 1175, Subutai began his journey as a blacksmith’s son, a humble origin that belied his future greatness. He joined Chinggis Khan’s army as a young man, quickly demonstrating […]

Conquering Horizons: Unraveling the Saga of the Battle of Kalka River

Battle of Kalka River

The Battle of Kalka River is a pivotal moment in history that forever altered the geopolitical landscape of Eastern Europe. This clash, which took place in 1223, pitched the formidable Mongol Empire against an alliance of the Kievan Rus’ and Cumans. It was a battle that not only showcased brilliant military tactics but also left […]

Kublai Khan: The Man Who Played Chess with the World

Kublai Khan

Imagine playing chess, but instead of pawns and knights, you’ve got entire kingdoms and cultures at your fingertips. This was the game Kublai Khan, the Mongol emperor, played – and he played it on a grand scale. From the steppes of Mongolia to the sprawling lands of China, Kublai Khan’s conquests were more than just […]

Bogd Khan: The Last Emperor of Mongolia

Bogd Khan

Mongolia, a vast and culturally rich nation, has a long and storied history, with one of its most prominent figures being Bogd Khan. Born in 1869 and enthroned as the Eighth Jebtsundamba Khutuktu, he was the last emperor of Mongolia and a significant figure in the country’s transition from a theocratic monarchy to a modern […]

Batu Khan: Unraveling the Legacy of the Mongol Empire’s Enigmatic Leader

Batu Khan, a legendary Mongol leader, played a significant role in shaping the history of the Mongol Empire and the world at large. He was the grandson of Chinggis Khan and the founder of the Golden Horde, a Mongol state that dominated Eastern Europe for centuries. This article examines the life and legacy of Batu […]

Khutulun Princess: Shattering Stereotypes and Forging Legends in Mongol History

Khutulun Princess

The life and legacy of Khutulun Princess, a prominent figure in Mongolian history, is one that continues to captivate and inspire people today. Born in the 13th century into a noble Mongol family, Khutulun’s story is characterized by her exceptional skills, remarkable achievements, and her refusal to conform to societal expectations. From a young age, […]

The Letter from Güyük Khan to Pope Innocent IV: A Glimpse into Medieval Diplomacy

The Letter from Güyük Khan to Pope Innocent IV is a significant historical document that sheds light on the diplomatic relations between the Mongolian Khans and the papacy in the 13th century. Güyük Khan, the third Great Khan of the Mongol Empire, sent this letter in 1246 to Pope Innocent IV, who held the papal […]