Category Archives: History

Hunnu: An ancient Mongol empire known in the West as the Huns


As stated in the Western classical sources, the Huns appeared in Europe and its territory suddenly around 370 AD. For instance: The Romans became aware of the Huns when Huns’ invasion occurred in the Pontic steppes, a vast land stretching from the northern shores of the Black Sea to the Caspian Sea. As a result […]

The Gerege – The First Universal Token known in the World as a Foreign Passport

The Gerege

A Flemish missionary and a traveler Guillaume de Rubrouck had visited the Mongol Empire between 1253-1255 as an ambassador of the King Louis IX of France and had been welcomed by Munkh (Mongke) Khan in the palace of Kharkhorum (Kara Korum). Upon returning in his detailed report to Louis IX, which was later published under […]

Tamerlane, the last greatest nomadic conqueror and his cursed tomb


The body of the last great nomadic conqueror Tumur (historically best known as Tamerlane or Timur the Lame), originally from the ancient Barlas tribe of Mongols, was exhumed from his tomb in the Gur-e-Amir mausoleum (Samarkand, modern Uzbekistan) by Soviet expedition on June 19, 1941. According to relevant sources, Tumur’s tomb was inscribed with the words, […]

Xanadu – A Metaphor for a Splendor and an Opulence


In Xanadu did Kubla Khan A stately pleasure-dome decree: Where Alphs, the sacred river ran Through caverns measureless to man Down to a sunless sea. So two five miles of fertile ground With walls and towers were girdled round: And there were gardens bright with sinuous rills, Where blossomed many an incense-bearing tree; And here […]

“Divine wind” kamikaze that twice saved Japan from the Mongol invasion

Divine wind

The Empire of Blue Mongolia (Yuan) with the capital in Daidu (modern Beijing) was founded by Chinggis Khan’s grandson Khubilai in 1260 on the conquered territories of China and East Asia. He proclaimed himself Khan of Yuan Dynasty. After Korea recognized the suzerainty of his empire, Khubilai Khan wanted to conquer Japan make it part […]

“Heaven’s cavalry” of Alexander Nevsky, the adopted son of Batu

Aleksander Nevsky

According to the decree of President Putin of February 1996, the Russian Federation celebrates annually April 18th as a day of military glory in honor of the victory of Russian commander Alexander Nevsky over the troops of the Livonian Order in medieval times. On this day in 1242, Russian troops of Novgorod and Suzdal-Vladimir Principalities, […]

What is the Capital City of Mongolia

Ulaanbaatar picture

The history of Ulaanbaatar, the capital city of modern Mongolia, begins long after the collapse of the Mongolian Great Empire founded by Chinggis (Genghis) khan. In 17th century, when Mongolia lost its power and considerably weakened due to continuous civil wars between local Khans of small tribes. Meanwhile, a strong, centralized Manchu kingdom arose in […]

Military Generals of Genghis Khan

Generals of Genghis khan

Chinggis (Genghis) Khan, who created the largest empire in the history of mankind, had three genius military generals – Mukhulai (Muqali), Zev (Jebe) and Subedei (Subutai). All three were neither members of Chinggis Khan’s family, nor his descendants. Because of these talented commanders from different Mongol tribes, Mongol troops won in all fronts and battlefields […]