Category Archives: History

How Lady Borte was rescued from the Merkits, The Secret History of the Mongols – Part 1

Having thus spoken, Temujin, with Khasar and Belgutei, went to Toghrul Wang Khan of the Khereit who was then staying in the Black Forest by the Tuul River. Temujin said to him, ‘The three Merkit came, taking us by surprise, they seized my wife and carried her off. We have come now to ask you, […]

Khishigten-The Elite Special Forces of Chinggis Khan

Khishigten mongol warrior

In the early Middle Ages, the Order of Assassins, the Muslim sect of Nizari Ismaili, had a huge influence in the Middle East for almost two centuries. The Order of Assassins was relatively similar to modern terrorist organizations such as Al Qaeda, founded by the notorious Osama Bin Laden. But the Order of Assassins was […]

How is Mulan, an ancient woman warrior of Mongolia, identified as Chinese?


The world had not heard about the legendary Chinese woman warrior Mulan until 1998, when the Disney’s animated a film about  her deeds. The film grossed more than $ 300 million worldwide and nominated for Golden Globe and Oscar. After that the story of Mulan, a young woman who disguises herself as a man in […]

Hunnu: An ancient Mongol empire known in the West as the Huns


As stated in the Western classical sources, the Huns appeared in Europe and its territory suddenly around 370 AD. For instance: The Romans became aware of the Huns when Huns’ invasion occurred in the Pontic steppes, a vast land stretching from the northern shores of the Black Sea to the Caspian Sea. As a result […]

The Gerege – The First Universal Token known in the World as a Foreign Passport

The Gerege

A Flemish missionary and a traveler Guillaume de Rubrouck had visited the Mongol Empire between 1253-1255 as an ambassador of the King Louis IX of France and had been welcomed by Munkh (Mongke) Khan in the palace of Kharkhorum (Kara Korum). Upon returning in his detailed report to Louis IX, which was later published under […]

Tamerlane, the last greatest nomadic conqueror and his cursed tomb


The body of the last great nomadic conqueror Tumur (historically best known as Tamerlane or Timur the Lame), originally from the ancient Barlas tribe of Mongols, was exhumed from his tomb in the Gur-e-Amir mausoleum (Samarkand, modern Uzbekistan) by Soviet expedition on June 19, 1941. According to relevant sources, Tumur’s tomb was inscribed with the words, […]

Xanadu – A Metaphor for a Splendor and an Opulence


In Xanadu did Kubla Khan A stately pleasure-dome decree: Where Alphs, the sacred river ran Through caverns measureless to man Down to a sunless sea. So two five miles of fertile ground With walls and towers were girdled round: And there were gardens bright with sinuous rills, Where blossomed many an incense-bearing tree; And here […]

“Divine wind” kamikaze that twice saved Japan from the Mongol invasion

Divine wind

The Empire of Blue Mongolia (Yuan) with the capital in Daidu (modern Beijing) was founded by Chinggis Khan’s grandson Khubilai in 1260 on the conquered territories of China and East Asia. He proclaimed himself Khan of Yuan Dynasty. After Korea recognized the suzerainty of his empire, Khubilai Khan wanted to conquer Japan make it part […]