Category Archives: History

The Urban Heart of the Nomad’s Land-Capital City of Mongolia

Ulaanbaatar picture

The history of Ulaanbaatar, the capital city of modern Mongolia, begins long after the collapse of the Mongolian Great Empire founded by Chinggis (Genghis) khan. In 17th century, when Mongolia lost its power and considerably weakened due to continuous civil wars between local Khans of small tribes. Meanwhile, a strong, centralized Manchu kingdom arose in […]

Military Generals of Genghis Khan

Generals of Genghis khan

Chinggis (Genghis) Khan, who created the largest empire in the history of mankind, had three genius military generals – Mukhulai (Muqali), Zev (Jebe) and Subedei (Subutai). All three were neither members of Chinggis Khan’s family, nor his descendants. Because of these talented commanders from different Mongol tribes, Mongol troops won in all fronts and battlefields […]

Republic or All Harmonious Country: Some Issues in Translation

Republic or ...

First half of twenty first century was Mongolian arduous struggle for independence. After declaration of independence in 1911 from Manchu Qing dynasty, Mongolia had faced forced treaties from Beiyang government of China and Tsarist Russia in 1915 at Khiagta, and subsequent temporary occupation in 1919. However, these Chinese forces had been defeated by White Russians, […]