Category Archives: History

Xanadu – A Metaphor for a Splendor and an Opulence


In Xanadu did Kubla Khan A stately pleasure-dome decree: Where Alphs, the sacred river ran Through caverns measureless to man Down to a sunless sea. So two five miles of fertile ground With walls and towers were girdled round: And there were gardens bright with sinuous rills, Where blossomed many an incense-bearing tree; And here […]

“Divine wind” kamikaze that twice saved Japan from the Mongol invasion

Divine wind

The Empire of Blue Mongolia (Yuan) with the capital in Daidu (modern Beijing) was founded by Chinggis Khan’s grandson Khubilai in 1260 on the conquered territories of China and East Asia. He proclaimed himself Khan of Yuan Dynasty. After Korea recognized the suzerainty of his empire, Khubilai Khan wanted to conquer Japan make it part […]

“Heaven’s cavalry” of Alexander Nevsky, the adopted son of Batu

Aleksander Nevsky

According to the decree of President Putin of February 1996, the Russian Federation celebrates annually April 18th as a day of military glory in honor of the victory of Russian commander Alexander Nevsky over the troops of the Livonian Order in medieval times. On this day in 1242, Russian troops of Novgorod and Suzdal-Vladimir Principalities, […]

What is the Capital City of Mongolia

Ulaanbaatar picture

The history of Ulaanbaatar, the capital city of modern Mongolia, begins long after the collapse of the Mongolian Great Empire founded by Chinggis (Genghis) khan. In 17th century, when Mongolia lost its power and considerably weakened due to continuous civil wars between local Khans of small tribes. Meanwhile, a strong, centralized Manchu kingdom arose in […]

Military Generals of Genghis Khan

Generals of Genghis khan

Chinggis (Genghis) Khan, who created the largest empire in the history of mankind, had three genius military generals – Mukhulai (Muqali), Zev (Jebe) and Subedei (Subutai). All three were neither members of Chinggis Khan’s family, nor his descendants. Because of these talented commanders from different Mongol tribes, Mongol troops won in all fronts and battlefields […]

Republic or All Harmonious Country: Some Issues in Translation

Republic or ...

First half of twenty first century was Mongolian arduous struggle for independence. After declaration of independence in 1911 from Manchu Qing dynasty, Mongolia had faced forced treaties from Beiyang government of China and Tsarist Russia in 1915 at Khiagta, and subsequent temporary occupation in 1919. However, these Chinese forces had been defeated by White Russians, […]